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Understanding Mental Health: An Overview of Common Disorders and Their Symptoms

Mental health is a crucial aspect of overall well-being, and yet it is often overlooked or stigmatized. Mental health disorders can affect people of any age, gender, or background, and they can significantly impact a person's quality of life. In this article, we will provide an overview of common mental health disorders and their symptoms.


What are mental health disorders and their symptoms?

Mental health disorders are conditions that affect a person's thinking, behavior, or mood. They can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, environmental factors, or a combination of both. The symptoms of mental health disorders can vary widely, but some common signs include changes in mood, behavior, or thoughts. Examples of mental health disorders include anxiety disorders, depressive disorders, bipolar disorders, personality disorders, and psychotic disorders.


What is the overview of mental health?

Mental health refers to a person's emotional, psychological, and social well-being. It encompasses a range of factors, including how people think, feel, and behave. Good mental health allows people to handle the stresses of daily life, build strong relationships, and make meaningful contributions to their communities. Poor mental health, on the other hand, can lead to a range of negative outcomes, including decreased quality of life, physical health problems, and social isolation.


two face scenery depicting two faces of mental health happy and sad
Mental health painting

What are the common mental health disorders?

Some of the most common mental health disorders include anxiety disorders, depressive disorders, bipolar disorder, personality disorders, and psychotic disorders. Anxiety disorders are characterized by excessive worry, fear, or nervousness. Depressive disorders, such as major depressive disorder, involve persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, or emptiness. Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder that involves episodes of depression and mania. Personality disorders are long-standing patterns of behavior that deviate from cultural norms, while psychotic disorders involve a loss of touch with reality, such as schizophrenia.


What are the 7 types of mental disorders and symptoms?

The seven types of mental disorders, according to the DSM-5, are:

  • Anxiety disorders: symptoms include excessive worry, fear, and nervousness. This type of disorder is characterized by excessive worry, fear, and nervousness that is out of proportion to the situation at hand. Symptoms may include panic attacks, phobias, social anxiety, and generalized anxiety disorder.

  • Depressive disorders: symptoms include persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, or emptiness. These disorders include persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, or emptiness. Symptoms may include loss of interest in activities, difficulty sleeping or concentrating, and thoughts of suicide


  • Bipolar disorder: symptoms include episodes of depression and mania. This disorder involves episodes of depression and mania. Symptoms of depression may include feelings of worthlessness, lack of energy, and changes in appetite and sleep. Symptoms of mania may include elevated mood, increased energy, and reckless behavior.

  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder: symptoms include intrusive thoughts and repetitive behaviors. This disorder is characterized by intrusive thoughts and repetitive behaviors. Symptoms may include obsessions with cleanliness, symmetry, or order, and compulsions to perform certain rituals or behaviors.


  • Schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders: symptoms include a loss of touch with reality, such as hallucinations or delusions. This type of disorder involves a loss of touch with reality, such as hallucinations or delusions. Symptoms may include disordered thinking, paranoia, and difficulty with social interaction.

  • Trauma- and stressor-related disorders: symptoms include reactions to traumatic or stressful events, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). These disorders are triggered by traumatic or stressful events, such as combat, natural disasters, or physical or sexual abuse. Symptoms may include flashbacks, nightmares, and avoidance of triggers.


  • Personality disorders: symptoms include long-standing patterns of behavior that deviate from cultural norms. These disorders involve long-standing patterns of behavior that deviate from cultural norms. Symptoms may include impulsivity, emotional instability, and difficulties with interpersonal relationships


  • Mental disorders can be broadly classified into several other categories as well. It's important to note that mental disorders can have a significant impact on a person's life and well-being. Seeking professional help and support is key to managing symptoms and improving quality of life



In conclusion


Mental health disorders are prevalent and can have a significant impact on an individual's quality of life. However, seeking professional help is an important step toward managing and treating these disorders. At Nirvaan, we offer a range of therapy plans that combine psychotherapy, music therapy, and cognitive-behavioral therapy to address the root causes of mental health disorders and improve overall well-being. Our experienced and qualified therapists work with each client to develop a customized treatment plan that meets their unique needs and goals.



We understand that seeking therapy can be intimidating, which is why we offer a no-questions-asked guarantee for our therapy plans. We are committed to providing our clients with the support and tools they need to achieve their mental health goals. With Nirvaan, you can rest assured that you are taking an important step towards better mental health and a happier, more fulfilling life.



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